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Matrix Metalloproteinase as Predictors of Local Recurrence in Early-Stage Breast Cancer After Mastectomy and Chemotherapy A Cross-Sectional Study in Single Centre

Abstract

Introduction: The prognosis for early-stage breast cancer is generally favourable. However, in cases when a recurrence manifests after therapy, the prognosis becomes significantly poor. To determine early breast cancer recurrence risk, a marker is needed. Currently, previous tumour markers are used to predict general breast cancer, lacking specificity in the context of early breast cancer. Matrix Metalloproteinase1 (MMP1) is already acquainted with the local recurrence process of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). MMP1 expression may better predict early recurrence in early-stage IDC than other approaches. This research examined the potential predictive value of MMP1 expression in early-stage IDC for early local recurrence and its correlation with clinicopathological factors.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of a single center's medical records. The sample size was 25 subjects for the group without recurrence and 25 subjects with recurrence. Mastectomy and chemotherapy were performed from January 2014 through December 2019. Using immunohistochemistry, paraffin blocks of surgical specimens were examined for MMP1. The data processing was done utilising the trial version of IBM SPSS 25. and Openepi 3.0 programs and analysed using Bivariate, which is performed using the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test.

Result: The statistic test showed a significant difference (p < 0.000) in the average expression of MMP1 for non-recurrence cases (3,95±5,36) compared to recurrence cases (14,95±5,36). We also found a statistically significant correlation between recurrence and high expression of MMP1 (odd ratio [OR]= 60.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]=10.01-364.3, p<0.001). Clinicopathological variables and MMP1 expression did not have a significant correlation.

Conclusions: In early-stage IDC, MMP1 expression had the potential to predict and could be an independent prognostic factor for early recurrence.

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How to Cite

Andrianto, A., Sudiana, I. K. ., & Suprabawati, D. G. . (2023). Matrix Metalloproteinase as Predictors of Local Recurrence in Early-Stage Breast Cancer After Mastectomy and Chemotherapy A Cross-Sectional Study in Single Centre. Bali Medical Journal, 13(1), 337–341. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v13i1.5035

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Andreas Andrianto
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I Ketut Sudiana
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Desak G.A Suprabawati
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