Introduction: One of the leading factors of exclusive breastfeeding success in motherhood is self-leadership. Previous studies found that the role of external factors also has an impact on exclusive breastfeeding. Yet, until this day the level of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia and worldwide has not achieved its goal. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the self-leadership of breastfeeding mothers in exclusive breastfeeding.
Methods: The analytic study with a cross-sectional design was conducted in this study. The population was all breastfeeding mothers who had babies aged 7-12 months. This study used simple random sampling which required 125 respondents. The independent variables are knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and social support. The dependent variable is self-leadership. Data analysis used a logistic regression test to find out which variable had the most influence with a p-value < 0.05.
Results: The multivariate analysis revealed a significant influence between knowledge on self-leadership (p=0.001), attitudes (p=0.005), self-efficacy (p=0.013), and social support (p=0.000). While the results of multivariate analysis showed that the most influential on breastfeeding mothers’ self-leadership was social support.
Conclusion: There is a significant association between knowledge of self-leadership, attitudes, self-efficacy, and social support.