Preventive behaviors toward transmission of pulmonary tuberculosis
- Eppy Setiyowati ,
- Khamidah ,
- Nurul Khamariyah ,
- Budhi Setianto ,
- Nety Mawarda Hatmanti ,
- Difran Nobel Bistara ,
- Erika Martining Wardani ,
Introduction: Indonesia was ranked as the second largest country in the world as a person with pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) after India. This shows that there needs to be action to reduce the transmission of pulmonary TB, especially in family members who are in the same house. The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to preventive measures for the transmission of pulmonary tb in the city of Surabaya.
Methods: Quantitative research design with a cross-sectional approach, respondents were pulmonary TB sufferers aged > 15 years old for treatment at the East Perak Health Center and Jagir Health Center was totaling 262 respondents. Research variables include gender, age, education, patient category, drug ingestion supervisor, regularity of drug ingestion, search for treatment, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors towards TB disease are obtained through the dissemination of questionnaires. Furthermore, data processing and statistical tests through (X2) chi square and linear regression.
Results: The results showed that gender, age, education, patient category, drug ingestion supervisor, regularity of drug ingestion, search for treatment, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors towards TB disease significantly affect the prevention of pulmonary Tb transmission.
Conclusion: Pulmonary TB patients and family members need to remind each other to behave clean and healthy to prevent the transmission of pulmonary TB. It is very necessary to visit regularly from health services or health workers, to provide education about clean and healthy living behaviors.