Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Does game addiction have a relationship with adolescent sleep quality?

  • Umi Hanik ,
  • Siti Nurjanah ,
  • Ratna Yunita Sari ,
  • Imamatul Faizah ,
  • Riska Rohmawati ,


Introduction: Addiction to online games is one of the impacts caused by technological developments. One of the effects of online game addiction is a change in sleep quality. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the habit of playing online games with adolescent sleep quality.

Method: This study is a correlation analytic research design with a cross-sectional approach, the research sample was 109 respondents from 150 populations using simple random sampling. The independent variable of this study was the habit of playing online games and the dependent variable was sleep quality. The instrument used in this study is gaming disorder using the 7-item Game Addiction Scale (GAS) and sleep quality using the 10-item Adolescent Sleep-Wake Scale (ASWS). Data analysis using chi-square test.

Results: The result of this study, most of them (55.6%) had fairly bad sleep quality and almost half (44.4%) had very bad sleep quality. Spearman rank test results p = 0.000, which means that game addiction has a relationship with adolescent sleep quality.

Conclusion: Game addiction is one of the factors for adolescents' bad sleep quality. It is hoped that adolescents can reduce playing online games because bad sleep quality can interfere with health.


  1. The ASEAN Post. The gaming explosion in Southeast Asia. 2020;
  2. FISIPOL UGM. Mobile Gaming in Indonesia: Relationships through New Media. 2021; Available from:
  3. Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. Profil Pengguna Internet Indonesia. 2020;
  4. Feng J, Spence I, Pratt J. Playing an Action Video Game Reduces Gender Differences in Spatial Cognition. Psychol Sci. 2007;18(10):850–5. Available from:
  5. Subrahmanyam K, Greenfield PM. Effect of video game practice on spatial skills in girls and boys. J Appl Dev Psychol. 1994;15(1):13–32. Available from:
  6. Kristensen JH, Pallesen S, King DL, Hysing M, Erevik EK. Problematic Gaming and Sleep: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front Psychiatry. 2021;12:675237. Available from:
  7. Phillips CA, Rolls S, Rouse A, Griffiths MD. Home video game playing in schoolchildren: a study of incidence and patterns of play. J Adolesc. 1995;18(6):687–91. Available from:
  8. Fahrizal Y, Aprilia FD. Family communication experience among students who are addicted to online games. Bali Medical Journal. 2021;10(3Special issue):1239–43.
  9. Rosendo-Rios V, Trott S, Shukla P. Systematic literature review online gaming addiction among children and young adults: A framework and research agenda. Addictive Behaviors. 2022;129:107238. Available from:
  10. Park HS, Kim SH, Bang SA, Yoon EJ, Cho SS, Kim SE. Altered Regional Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Internet Game Overusers: Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Study. CNS Spectr. 2010;15(3):159–66. Available from:
  11. Te BC, Yeoh ZX, Jaafar RJ, Goh BS. Sinister snoring in a child: A case report. Bali Medical Journal. 2020;9(3):872–5.
  12. Sabia JJ, Wang K, Cesur R. Sleepwalking Through School: New Evidence On Sleep And Academic Achievement. Contemp Econ Policy. 2016;35(2):331–44. Available from:
  13. Scott J, Kallestad H, Vedaa O, Sivertsen B, Etain B. Sleep disturbances and first onset of major mental disorders in adolescence and early adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med Rev. 2021;57:101429. Available from:
  14. Lemmens JS, Valkenburg PM, Peter J. Development and Validation of a Game Addiction Scale for Adolescents. Media Psychol. 2009;12(1):77–95. Available from:
  15. Khazaal Y, Chatton A, Rothen S, Achab S, Thorens G, Zullino D, et al. Psychometric properties of the 7-item game addiction scale among french and German speaking adults. BMC Psychiatry. 2016;16:132. Available from:
  16. Essner B, Noel M, Myrvik M, Palermo T. Examination of the Factor Structure of the Adolescent Sleep-Wake Scale (ASWS). Behavioral sleep medicine. 2014/04/17. 2015;13(4):296–307. Available from:
  17. Idris Handriana IH, Wati E, Amelia D. Hubungan Kebiasaan Bermain Game Online dengan Pola Tidur pada Remaja di Desa Baturuyuk Kecamatan Dawuan Kabupaten Majalengka tahun 2021. Jurnal Kampus STIKES YPIB Majalengka. 2021;9(2):168–79. Available from:
  18. Warburton WA, Parkes S, Sweller N. Internet Gaming Disorder: Evidence for a Risk and Resilience Approach. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(9):5587. Available from:
  19. Fahrizal Y, Aprilia FD. Family communication experience among students who are addicted to online games. Bali Medical Journal. 2021;10(3):1239–43. Available from:
  20. Manuputty JC, Sekeon SAS, Kandou GD, Kesehatan F, Universitas M, Ratulangi S, et al. Hubungan Antara Kecanduan Bermain Game Online Dengan Kualitas Tidur Pada Gamer Online Pengguna Komputer Di Warung Internet M2G Supernova Malalayang. Vol. 8, Jurnal KESMAS. 2019.
  21. Farid M, Kamrani MA. The Relationship between Body Image Coping Strategy and Eating Disorders among Iranian Adolescent Girls. Bali Medical Journal. 2016;5(1):17.
  22. Paulus FW, Ohmann S, von Gontard A, Popow C. Internet gaming disorder in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2018;60(7):645–59. Available from:
  23. Haqiqi I Al, Kinanti RG, Andiana O. Hubungan aktivitas fisik dan lingkar perut dengan kejadian hipertensi pada perempuan di Malang Raya. Jurnal Sport Science. 2021;11(1):51–7.

How to Cite

Hanik, U., Nurjanah , S. ., Sari, R. Y. ., Faizah, I. ., & Rohmawati, R. . (2023). Does game addiction have a relationship with adolescent sleep quality?. Bali Medical Journal, 12(3), 2812–2814.