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Medication adherence and visiting compliance: interventions self-management education based on health belief model

  • Joni Iskandar ,
  • Eppy Setiyowati ,
  • Chilyatis Zahroh ,


Introduction: The large number of TB cases was  caused by the boredom of treatment for too long, the lack of knowledge of patients about pulmonary TB, the distance between the patient's home and public health services. The purpose was to analyze effect interventions of self-management education based on the health belief model on adherence medications and visiting compliance in pulmonary tuberculosis patients at Community health center Pamekasan Regency.

Method: This research is conducted using a quantitative approach, type of intervention research. Participants in this study were the >20 year old age group. This study has certain characteristics on the selection of subjects; therefore use purposive sampling techniques. Intervention Researchers gave treatment self-management education based on a health belief model. The collected data is then analyzed using a statistical test independent T-test with the level of significance α = 0,05.

Result: The average difference in drug administration adherence in the intervention group was 17.89 with a standard deviation of 9,650. The control group showed a difference in drug adherence value of 5.23 and a standard deviation of 3,456. The average difference in visiting compliance in the intervention group was 15.37 with a standard deviation of 6,130. In the control group it showed a visiting compliance difference value of 5.76 and a standard deviation of 4,162.

Conclusion: There was an influence of self-management education based on health belief model on increasing adherence to taking medications and increasing visiting compliance in tuberculosis patients at community health centers in Pamekasan Regency, East Java, Indonesia


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How to Cite

Joni Iskandar, Setiyowati, E., & Chilyatis Zahroh. (2023). Medication adherence and visiting compliance: interventions self-management education based on health belief model. Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 1211–1216.




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