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Nocturia Overview: a survey from General Practitioners in Indonesia


Link Video Abstract:


Background: Nocturia is the need or the number of waking up at night to urinate, with each void preceded and followed by sleep. It is included in lower urinary tract symptoms and reported as the most bothersome and common. Nocturia causes long term sleep deprivation and lowers someone's quality of life. Thus, they need to know how to diagnose and treat nocturia, including time to refer to a specialist. This study aims to review the management and diagnosis of nocturia among Indonesian general practitioners.

Methods: This study used cross sectional design. The data was collected by distributing a self-made online survey with Google Forms about the overview of nocturia among general practitioners in Indonesia, taken from October 2021 to March 2022. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for Windows.

Results: There were 252 participants in this study that filled in the questionnaire from October 2021 to March 2022. Most patients (57.8%) were between 50 and 65 years old. Different approaches for nocturia were made, with mainly chose education and lifestyle change (88.1%) and medication such as alpha blocker (19.8%) compared to desmopressin (13.5%). Only 65.5% of respondents referred their patients to urologists for further therapy.

Conclusion: General practitioners in Indonesia face difficulty in dealing with nocturia. It is better to refer these patients to a urologist or other related specialist after they perform the diagnostic examinations and standard therapy.


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How to Cite

Indraswari, M. T. ., & Rahardjo, H. E. . (2023). Nocturia Overview: a survey from General Practitioners in Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 2095–2099.




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Madhyra Tri Indraswari
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Harrina Erlianti Rahardjo
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