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The sensitivity pattern of ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin in chronic suppurative otitis media

  • Lilis Suryani ,
  • Asti Widuri ,
  • Muhammad Kurniawan ,
  • Bombong Nurpagino ,

Abstract

Introduction: In both poor and developed countries, chronic suppurative otitis media affects 1-46 percent of the population. The incidence of chronic suppurative otitis media is much higher in Indonesia due to various of factors, including poor sanitation, low socio-economic and nutritional status, and high population density. To reduce the occurrence of chronic suppurative otitis media, an adequate treatment is required.

Purpose: the study was to identify the bacteria that cause chronic suppurative otitis media and ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin antibiotic sensitivity pattern in Asri Medical Centre and PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping hospital, Yogyakarta.

Patients and methods: This is a prospective descriptive study with 27 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media whom met the inclusion criteria. Bacteria were isolated from ear secretions and cultured on TSA and McConkey agar medium. The antibiotics ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin were tested for susceptibility, and Gram staining, catalase test, and biochemical test were used to identify bacteria.  

Results: 63 bacteria were isolated from 27 chronic suppurative otitis media patients, among of them positive-gram bacteria (52%) and negative-gram bacteria (48%). The sensitivity of positive-gram bacteria and negative-gram bacteria causing chronic suppurative otitis media to ciprofloxacin was 84% and 79%, respectively. The resistance of positive-gram bacteria and negative-gram bacteria to amoxicillin by 100%.

Conclusion: Staphylococcus sp and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most caused chronic suppurative otitis media at the Asri Medical Centre and PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping hospital in Yogyakarta. The antibiotic ciprofloxacin is the most effective treatment for bacteria that cause chronic suppurative otitis media.

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How to Cite

Suryani, L., Widuri, A., Kurniawan, M., & Nurpagino, B. (2022). The sensitivity pattern of ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin in chronic suppurative otitis media. Bali Medical Journal, 11(3), 1632–1635. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i3.3756

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