Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

The relationship between self efficacy and medication adherence in elderly with hypertension

Abstract

Introduction: The elderly will experience a decrease in health status caused by either disease or nature, so they are at risk of suffering from hypertension. Hypertension can be controlled by medication adherence. Self-efficacy is a factor that plays an important role in medication adherence. The important role of self-efficacy lies in a person's self-knowledge, which refers to self-confidence in achieving hypertension treatment goals. To identify the relationship between self-efficacy and the level of medication adherence in the elderly with hypertension.

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional method with a random sampling technique. The sample of this study was 60 older people in Mejing Wetan. The measuring instrument used was MASES-R to measure self-efficacy and MMAS-8 to measure medication adherence. Univariate analysis used descriptive statistical analysis, while Bivariate analysis with SPSS used the Chi-Square analysis method. There will be a significant relationship if p is < 0.05.

Results: The results showed that the respondents' self-efficacy is dominated by the moderate category (41.7%), (73.3%) respondents were disobedient in taking medication, and the significance value was p=0.000. It indicated a significant relationship between self-efficacy and medication adherence as p<0.05. In addition, the correlation results were very strong (r=0.781).

Conclusion: There was a strong relationship and a positive direction between self-efficacy and the level of medication adherence in the elderly with hypertension

 

References

  1. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. National Health Research and Development Ethics Guidelines and Standards. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Published 2017. Accessed April 23, 2018. http://www.ke.litbang.kemkes.go.id/kom14/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Pedoman-Nasional-Etik-Penelitian-Kesehatan-2011-Unedited-Version.pdf
  2. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Know Your Blood Pressure, Prevent Hypertension (The Silent Killer). Directorate of P2PTM. Published 2019. http://p2ptm.kemkes.go.id/infographic-p2ptm/hipertensi-penyakit-jantung-dan-pembuluh-darah/hipertensi-the-silent-killer
  3. World Health Organization. Hypertension. World Health Organization. Published 2019. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension 39-019-0158-x
  4. Shahin W, Kennedy GA SI. The impact of personal and cultural beliefs on medication adherence of patients with chronic illnesses: a systematic review. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2019;13(10):19-35.
  5. Kawulusan KB, Katuuk ME, Bataha YB. Hubungan Self-Efficacy Dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Hipertensi Di Puskesmas Ranotana Weru Kota Manado. J Keperawatan. 2019;7(1). doi:10.35790/jkp.v7i1.24340
  6. Tan FCJH, Oka P, Dambha-Miller H, Tan NC. The association between self-efficacy and self-care in essential hypertension: a systematic review. BMC Fam Pract. 2021;22(1):44. doi:10.1186/s12875-021-01391-2
  7. Azhari MH. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hipertensi di Puskesmas Makrayu Kecamatan Ilir Barat II Palembang. J Aisyah J Ilmu Kesehat. 2017;2(1):23-30. doi:10.30604/jika.v2i1.29
  8. Falah M. The Relationship of Sex with the Incidence of Hypertension in the Community in Tamansari Village, Tasikmalaya City. Mitra Kencana J Nurs Midwifery. 2019;3(1):85-94.
  9. Suparti S, Handayani DY. Screening Hipertensi pada Lansia Di Wilayah Puskesmas Banyumas. Indones J Heal Sci. 2019;2(2):84. doi:10.24269/ijhs.v2i2.875
  10. Balqis S. Relationship between Duration of Illness and Adherence to Medication in Hypertension Patients in Depok Hamlet Ambarketawang Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta. University of Aisyiyah Yogyakarta; 2018.
  11. Wulandari F, Istiningtyas A NA. The Relationship between Anxiety Levels and Breastfeeding Self-efficacy in Post Sectio Caesarea Mothers at Asy-Syifa General Hospital, Sambi Boyolali. eprints.ukh. Published 2020. http://eprints.ukh.ac.id/id/eprint/541/1/Naskah Publikasi Febriana Lukita W S16148.pdf
  12. Khodabandeh M, Avarasin SM, Nikniaz L. The Relationship between Health Literacy, Perceived Self-efficacy and Self-care Performance of Female Senior High School Students in Health Promoting Schools of Miyaneh, 2016-2017. J Heal Lit. 2017;2(3):164-176. doi:10.29252/jhl.2.3.164
  13. Alam S. What is Mathematics Self-Efficacy. Pros Semin Nas Univ Cokroaminoto Palopo. 2018;4(1):77-268.
  14. Purnawinadi IG, Lintang IJ. Relationship Of Family Support With Adherence To Taking Medication Among Hypertensive Patients. J Sk Keperawatan. 2020;6(1):35-41. doi:10.35974/jsk.v6i1.2248
  15. Pouls BPH, Vriezekolk JE, Bekker CL, et al. Effect of Interactive eHealth Interventions on Improving Medication Adherence in Adults With Long-Term Medication: Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(1):e18901-e18901. doi:10.2196/18901
  16. Pramana GA, Dianingati RS, Saputri NE. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan Minum Obat Pasien Hipertensi Peserta Prolanis di Puskesmas Pringapus Kabupaten Semarang. Indones J Pharm Nat Prod. 2019;2(1). doi:10.35473/ijpnp.v2i1.196
  17. Wahyudi CT, Ratnawati D, Made SA. Pengaruh Demografi, Psikososial, Dan Lama Menderita Hipertensi Primer Terhadap Kepatuhan Minum Obat Antihipertensi. J JKFT. 2018;2(2):14. doi:10.31000/jkft.v2i1.692
  18. Wahyuni KI. Relationship between Knowledge Level and Hypertension Patient Compliance at Anwar Medika Hospital. Sci J Pharm Pharm. 2021;4(1):87-97.
  19. Sukmaningsih AK, Putra GNW, Sujadi H, Ridayanti PW. Hubungan Self Efficacy Dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat Pada Penderita Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tejakula 1. Midwinerslion J Kesehat STIKes Buleleng. 2020;5(2):286. doi:10.52073/midwinerslion.v5i2.174
  20. Najimi A, Mostafavi F, Sharifirad G, Golshiri P. Development and study of self-efficacy scale in medication adherence among Iranian patients with hypertension. J Educ Health Promot. 2017;6:83. doi:10.4103/jehp.jehp_64_16
  21. Zeng X, Wang S ZF. Correlation Analysis Between Self-Efficacy And Psychological Anxiety Of College English Learners Based On Triadic Reciprocal Determinism. Rev ARGENTINA Clin Psicol. Published online 2020. doi:10.24205/03276716.2020.190
  22. Hermanto I, Barlianto W, Suryanto S. Analysis of Factors Affecting Self-Efficacy of Fresh Nursing Graduates in Performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Cardiac Arrest Patients in Malang City, Indonesia. J Aisyah J Ilmu Kesehat. 2021;6(4):639-644. doi:10.30604/jika.v6i4.814
  23. Wilde N, Hsu A. The influence of general self-efficacy on the interpretation of vicarious experience information within online learning. Int J Educ Technol High Educ. 2019;16(1). doi:10.1186/s41239-019-0158-x
  24. Peura P, Aro T, Räikkönen E, et al. Trajectories of change in reading self-efficacy: A longitudinal analysis of self-efficacy and its sources. Contemp Educ Psychol. 2021;64:101947. doi:10.1016/j.cedpsych.2021.101947

How to Cite

Nina Dwi Lestari, & Vivi Nur Anisa. (2022). The relationship between self efficacy and medication adherence in elderly with hypertension. Bali Medical Journal, 11(3), 1660–1665. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i3.3723

HTML
8

Total
15

Share

Search Panel