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The association between oral antibiotics with the decreased severity index of acne vulgaris in the medical cosmetics division dermatovenereology outpatient clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Teaching Hospital Surabaya from 2017- 2019

  • Farah Meriana Fajrin ,
  • Citra Dwi Harningtyas ,
  • Rahmadewi ,
  • Afif Nurul Hidayati ,
  • Sawitri ,
  • Diah Mira Indramaya ,
  • Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi ,
  • Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan ,

Abstract

Background: Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit. AV therapy is given based on the severity of AV. Oral antibiotic therapy is routinely prescribed to treat moderate to severe inflammatory acne. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between systemic antibiotic administration and the decrease in the severity of acne vulgaris.

Methods: This was a retrospective study with an analytical design, carried out on 49 medical records that met the inclusion criteria for acceptance of the sample; new AV patients come with grades 2, 3, and 4 to the Medical Cosmetics division Dermatovenereology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Teaching Hospital Surabaya in the period January 2017 - December 2019.

Results: This study was conducted on 49 patients with acne vulgaris grade 2,3,4 who came to follow-up in a week 2,4,8 treatment. Data from the first follow-up group, 26 subjects (53.1%) experienced a decrease in grade; from the second follow-up group, 25 subjects (51.0%) experienced a decrease in grade; from the third follow-up group, 38 subjects (77, 6%) experienced a decrease in the group comparing with condition patient before treatment. Analytic comparative showed that the condition of the first visit compared to the first, second and third follow-up groups were 0,180, 0,000, and 0,000, respectively. The significance test results showed a value of 0.000 (p ≤ 0.05) in the second and third follow-up groups, which is statistically significant.

Conclusion: An oral antibiotic can effectively reduce the severity degree of acne vulgaris in four to eight weeks after treatment with an oral antibiotic.

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How to Cite

Farah Meriana Fajrin, Citra Dwi Harningtyas, Rahmadewi, Afif Nurul Hidayati, Sawitri, Diah Mira Indramaya, Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi, & Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan. (2022). The association between oral antibiotics with the decreased severity index of acne vulgaris in the medical cosmetics division dermatovenereology outpatient clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Teaching Hospital Surabaya from 2017- 2019. Bali Medical Journal, 11(2), 569–572. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v11i2.3486

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Farah Meriana Fajrin
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Citra Dwi Harningtyas
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Rahmadewi
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Afif Nurul Hidayati
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Sawitri
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Diah Mira Indramaya
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Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi
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Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan
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