Age and Gender as The Risk Factors for Mortality Rate in COVID-19 Patients
- Maria Regina Rachmawati ,
- Yudi Amiarno ,
- Yeni Restuti ,
- Wida Guslianti ,
- Luzi Adriyanti ,
- Nurul Fajriah ,
Background: Coronavirus disease-19 is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This virus is the newest type of coronavirus identified in humans. A recent study in 2022 in several different age groups found that older age, men, comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and malignancy, were independent risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 inpatients. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for age and gender in the COVID-19 mortality rate.
Method: The design study was a retrospective case control. The research subjects were 6,697 patients from the secondary data medical record from March 2020 to September 2021 at Pasar Minggu Regional General Hospital.
Results: Results obtained 3313 men (49.5%) and 3384 women (50.5%). Men patients have a 1.5 times greater risk of mortality rate [OR 1.5 (1.3-1. 7)] compared to women. Elderly patients have a 3 times greater mortality risk than non-elderly people [OR 3.1 (2.6-3.7)]. There was a correlation between the after-treatment condition and age (p = 0.05).
Conclusion: This study concludes that the elderly and men are the risk factors for the mortality rate in COVID-19 patients at Pasar Minggu Regional General Hospital.