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The comparison of the effectiveness between cananga aromatherapy and dzikr therapy on reducing anxiety in the elderly with hypertension at posyandu Tawarsari Wonosari Gunungkidul

Abstract

Introduction: The process of degenerative aging was natural and experienced by every human being. One of the psychological problems experienced by the elderly was anxiety. Anxiety is defined as an emotional response that is influenced by the subconsciousness in a person associated with feelings of restlessness, worry, uncertainty, and other specific causes. One of the therapies to reduce the level of anxiety was by giving Cananga aromatherapy and practicing Dhikr. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of giving Cananga aromatherapy and Dhikr to reduce anxiety in older people with hypertension at Posyandu Tawarsari Wonosari Gunungkidul.

Metodh: This study used a quantitative method with a pre-experimental with the pre-post test without a control group. The participants were 30 older people using a total sampling technique that was divided into two intervention groups. This study used paired sample t-test and an independent sample t-test to analyze the data. The anxiety response in the elderly was measured by using the HARS scale (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale). This study obtained a p-value = 0.000 (p <0.05), indicating a significant difference in anxiety after the intervention of giving Cananga aromatherapy and Dhikr.

Result: The comparison test results between the two intervention groups obtained a significant value, namely p = 0.876. It means that “HA” was accepted, namely the provision of Cananga aromatherapy and Dhikr, which effectively changed the anxiety levels.

Conclusions: However, there was no significant difference between giving Cananga aromatherapy and Dhikr.

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How to Cite

Binoriang, D. P., & Pramesti, S. W. (2021). The comparison of the effectiveness between cananga aromatherapy and dzikr therapy on reducing anxiety in the elderly with hypertension at posyandu Tawarsari Wonosari Gunungkidul. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1263–1267. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2871

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Dinasti Pudang Binoriang
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Sintya Wahyu Pramesti
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