Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia

Assangga Guyansyah, Raditya Wratsangka, Denny Dhanardono, Muhammad Farid Ghazali, Hosea Jaya Edy, Haryo Ganeca Widyatama, Dietha Kusumaningrum, David Tjahyadi, Edy Parwanto

Assangga Guyansyah
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia

Raditya Wratsangka
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia

Denny Dhanardono
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia

Muhammad Farid Ghazali
Policlinic of Infertil, Mitra Bunda Amanda Karawang Clinic, Karawang Regency, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Hosea Jaya Edy
Study Program of Pharmacy, Faculty of Math and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Indonesia

Haryo Ganeca Widyatama
Medical doctor of Bhakti Mandala Clinic, Tangerang Regency, Banten, Indonesia.

Dietha Kusumaningrum
Medical doctor of Batari Husada Clinic, Duren Sawit, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta, Indonesia

David Tjahyadi
Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia

Edy Parwanto
Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia. Email: edyparwanto@trisakti.ac.id
Online First: April 28, 2021 | Cite this Article
Guyansyah, A., Wratsangka, R., Dhanardono, D., Ghazali, M., Edy, H., Widyatama, H., Kusumaningrum, D., Tjahyadi, D., Parwanto, E. 2021. Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 10(1): 167-173. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i1.2281

Introduction: Indonesia is a country with a large agricultural and industry, known to utilize various types of pesticides, as well as several other industries with uncontrolled pollution levels distributed across the nation. Besides, numerous studies have stated the adverse effects of chemicals substances used in daily life and industrial waste on the health of living things, including humans. This study aimed to determine the infertility characteristic in the agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia.

Methods: The study was conducted retrospectively on medical records. Therefore, this study determined the infertility characteristics based on sperm analysis, the etiology of the causes of infertility in female, and the diagnosis of infertility. Data collection was obtained from patients' medical records in the Infertile Poly of Mitra Bunda Amanda Hospital Karawang, Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia. 

Result: The results showed infertility was most prevalent in males aged 30-40 years (55.79%) and females below 30 years (61.05%). Furthermore, the male and female's most prevalent educational qualification (33.68% and 36.84%, respectively) was discovered to be high school diploma. In terms of occupation, most male (56.84%) were laborers, while the female was mostly housewives (36.84%). Meanwhile, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia was the most analyzed sperm type (33.68%), and polycystic ovary syndrome was the most common etiology of infertility in females (26.32%). The most prevalent diagnosis was primary infertility factors, male and female (45.26%).

Conclusion: Primary infertility of male and female factors, polycystic ovary syndrome and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia dominate the infertile population in agricultural and industrial areas in Karawang Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia.


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