Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA) in young adult patient with acute ischemic stroke: a case report
- Dodik Tugasworo ,
- Aditya Kurnianto ,
- Retnaningsih Retnaningsih ,
- Yovita Andhitara ,
- Rahmi Ardhini ,
- Runy Dyaksani ,
- Jethro Budiman ,
Background: Stroke is one of the highest causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. The incidence rate of ischemic stroke is about 80% of all stroke incidents. The use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is recommended under 4.5 hours of stroke onset. Stroke in young adults are reported as being uncommon, compromising 10% -15% of all stroke patients. Many studies were reported the most common risk factor in young adults were obesity and dyslipidemia. This case report will discuss a 33-year-old men with ischemic stroke with obesity and dyslipidemia treated at dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang.
Case presentation: A 33-year old obese man with left-sided hemiparesis and central facial nerve palsy with an onset of 1 hour. On laboratory examination, it was obtained total cholesterol 179mg/dL, LDL level 123mg/dL, and HDL level 39mg/dL. The protocol code stroke was performed in emergency room with alteplase (r-TPA) 0.6 mg/kgBW, after his head MSCT shows there was no sign of blood in the brain parenchym.
Conclusion: The increased risk of ischemic stroke in young patients is due to dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, and smoking. Treatment of the hyperacute phase of ischemic stroke with thrombolysis can reduce the outcome of stroke due to the disability.