Relationship between intake of fruits and vegetables toward hypertension among elderly in Yogyakarta

Alfan Ridha , Diffah Hanim, Suminah Suminah

Alfan Ridha
Postgraduate Programme of Nutrition Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia. Email: alfan_2015@yahoo.com

Diffah Hanim
Magister of Nutritional Science, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Suminah Suminah
Agricultural Extension and Communication Study Programme, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Ridha, A., Hanim, D., Suminah, S. 2019. Relationship between intake of fruits and vegetables toward hypertension among elderly in Yogyakarta. Bali Medical Journal 8(3). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i3.1483

Introduction: Hypertension resembles a medical condition affecting mostly patients over 60 years. Hypertension might be influenced by antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory components contained in fruits and vegetables. Based on 2013 data, the prevalence of hypertension in the elderly in Indonesia was 25.8%. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake among geriatric hypertensive patients in the city of Yogyakarta.

Methods: Analytical observational study was designed with Cross-sectional type. The subjects of recent study were 138 elderly in integrated service post located in the area of Umbulharjo 1 and Umbulharjo 2 community health center in Yogyakarta City and selected by a multi-stage sampling technique. The consumption of fruits and vegetables measured by Semi-Qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall, meanwhile blood pressure examination used mercury sphygmomanometer.

Results: Chi-Square test results showed a relationship between fruits consumed by elderly people and the prevalence of hypertension (p = 0.003) and vegetable intake in elderly significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension (p = 0.032). The multivariate test results showed there were significant relationship regarding fruit intake with the prevalence of hypertension in elderly (OR = 1.82; p = 0.01).

Conclusion: Intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of hypertension.


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