ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The effectiveness of art therapy with sand play method on behavioral disorders, emotional problems, and communication skills of children

Parisa Yaghoobian , Seyedeh Olia Emadian

Parisa Yaghoobian
Islamic Azad University. Email: parisayaghoobian@yahoo.com

Seyedeh Olia Emadian
Islamic Azad University
Online First: October 28, 2018 | Cite this Article
Yaghoobian, P., Emadian, S. 2018. The effectiveness of art therapy with sand play method on behavioral disorders, emotional problems, and communication skills of children. Bali Medical Journal 8(1): 153-159. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i1.1010


The main purpose of the present research is studying the effectiveness of art therapy with sand play method on behavioral disorders, emotional problems, and communication skills of children. This research had done with semi-experimental method by pretest-posttest plan with control group. The sample of this study was all elementary school boys in first urban area of Tehran city, which were 12500 students. Multi-stage random cluster sampling method used between 24 areas of Tehran
to achieve the purpose. The information gathering tools were Rutter Questionnaire (Teacher Form) for measuring behavioral disorders, Ashbanah (teacher form) for measuring emotional problems, and SDQ (Teacher Form) for measuring children's communication skills which was given to teachers for data collection. Thirty students randomly divided into two experimental and control groups (15 students for experimental group and 15 for control group). The presence of symptoms of behavioral disorder, emotional problems, and communication skills, and the age range of 6-12 years were requirements for experimental group. The experimental group subjected to sand play therapy in 10 sessions of 30 minutes. No training provided for the control group. The findings analyzed using covariance analysis. The results showed that the mean score of behavioral disorder in the experimental group was lower than the control group after the sand play therapy. The emotional problems in the experimental group were lower than the control group after the sand play therapy. The mean of communication skills in the experimental group was more than the control group after the art therapy with sand play method. 

References

Abohamze, E., Hashemian, K. (2007). Clinical Art Therapy. Tehran: Danje Press.

Alizade Mohamadi. (2010). Art Therapy: An Introduction of Art Therapy for Groups. Tehran: Gatre Press.

Behmanesh, B., Ranjgar, P. (2015). Sand play: Theory and practice.Tehran: Danesh Arzin Jahan press.

Cole. P.M., Dennis, T. A., & Martin, S. A. (2012). Emotion regulation: A scientific conundrum, Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development. Ghent, Belgium. Retrieved January 21. 2007.

Dreus, A., Carey,l., & Schaefer, c.(2001). School-based Play Therapy. New York.

Fathi Ashtiani, A. (2009). Psychological tests: Personality, mental, and health assessment.Tehran: Besat Press.

Johan Wiley & Sonshomeyer, L. E. (2016). Sand tray/sand play Therapy. In k. J. O'Connor and C. E. Schafer (Eds). L. D. Braver man, PhD. Handbook of play therapy, Edition, 2. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.

Khoshkonesh, A. (2006). Art Therapy: Definition, History, Methodology and Comparison. Researches of the First Congress of Art Therapy in Iran.

Lantz,J.& Raiz, J. (2003). Play and art in existential trauma therapy whit children and their parents. Contemporary family therapy, 25(2), 165-177.

Mohamadi, N. (2004). Diagnosis and treatment of normative behavior disorder.Shiraz: Navid Shiraz Press.

Mohamad Ismaeel, E. (2003). Play Therapy: Theories, methods and clinical applications. Tehran: Danje Press.

Naderi, F., Ansari, Z. (2011). The Effect of Art Therapy on the Authentication and Happiness of Children to Ahvaz counseling and treatment centers who came to the counseling and treatment centers. Journal of New Findings in Psychology, No. 18, pp. 17-33.

Nasaji Zavare, I. (2009). The growth of children with social skills. Journal of Peyvand, No. 23, pp. 20-356.

Pakbaz, R. (2003). Encyclopedia of Art(1st Ed.). Farhang Moaser press.

Robanzade, Sh., Abedin, A. (2015). Quarterly Journal of Clinical Psychology, No. 20.

Seifnaraghi, M., Naderi, E. (2000). Child behavioral disorders and its i Sheikhtadi, F., Bahari, E. (2013). Study of art therapy, Remedies, and therapist art.Shahr-e-Ray: University of Payam Noor.

mprovement methods.Tehran: Badr Press.

Van Vugt, E.S., Deković, M., Prinzie, P. Stams, G.J.J.M Asscher, J.J. (2012). Evaluation of a group-based social skills training for children with problem behavior, Children and youth Services Review, In Press corrected Proof.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0