Prevalence of giardiasis and its associated factors among livestock and rivers in Mlati, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yulia Sari , Betty Suryawati, Ari Natalia Probandari, Hartono Hartono, Ratih Dewi Yudhani, Wayan Tunas Artama

Yulia Sari
Doctoral Program of Medical Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia. Email: yuliasari_fk@staff.uns.ac.id

Betty Suryawati
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Ari Natalia Probandari
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Hartono Hartono
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Ratih Dewi Yudhani
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Wayan Tunas Artama
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Online First: April 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Sari, Y., Suryawati, B., Probandari, A., Hartono, H., Yudhani, R., Artama, W. 2020. Prevalence of giardiasis and its associated factors among livestock and rivers in Mlati, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 9(1): 266-270. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i1.1634

Abstract: Giardiasis is a gastrointestinal disease caused by the protozoan Giardia sp. Recent data showed that constant contact with livestock could pose greater risk of contracting this disease, especially without any protective gears. Unfortunately, this condition is still prevalent in several areas in Indonesia. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence of giardiasis and its risk factors in the community around livestock areas and rivers in Mlati, Sleman, DIY, Indonesia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January-August 2019 around the livestock area and rivers in Mlati, Sleman, DIY. Stool samples were obtained from subjects who have livestock and live along the rivers or its tributaries. The status of Giardiasis were determined from microscopic examination and PCR using beta-giardin as the reference conducted in Parasitology and Biomedical Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, UNS.

Results: A total of 179 subjects were were enrolled in this study. The prevalence of giardiasis among study population was found to be at 5.02% (n=9), 19 (10.6%) of them were cattleman, and 122 (68.1%) had a history of contact with cattle. Subjects who did not own any cattle seemed to have a significantly lower risk of contracting giardiasis (AOR: 0.041, 95%CI: 0.009-0.185; p=0.000) since contact with cattle also proved to be the risk factor of giardiasis (AOR: 1.080, 95%CI: 1.027-1.135; p<0.002).

Conclusion: This study revealed that constant contact with cattle lead to significantly higher risk of giardiasis for those who live among livestock and along the rivers in Mlati, Sleman DIY.


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